Resource definitions

Resource title

When specifying a resource schema object, either as a definitions object that can be consumed or produced by an operation, or as an inline schema object, DapperDox requires that the optional schema object title member is present.

DapperDox uses the title member to give the resource a name in the documentation it produces.

For example, the operation GET /store/inventory in the petstore example specification examples/specifications/petstore/swagger.json, has a response schema with a title of "Quantities":

    "/store/inventory": {
        "get": {
            "tags": ["store"],
            "summary": "Returns pet inventories by status",
            "description": "Returns a map of status codes to quantities",
            "operationId": "getInventory",
            "produces": ["application/json"],
            "parameters": [],
            "responses": {
                "200": {
                    "description": "successful operation",
                    "schema": {
                        "type": "object",
                        "additionalProperties": {
                            "type": "integer",
                            "format": "int32"
            "security": [{
                "api_key": []

Without a title member, DapperDox would produce the error:

Error: GET /store/inventory references a model definition that does not have a title member.

Excluding request body members from operations

In some scenarios, you might want your reference documentation to show a filtered request body resource.

To understand why, consider the following trivial Orders resource used by a fictional REST API:

    "order_number" : "string",
    "order_date" : "date-time",
    "reference": "string",
    "order_status": "string"

In this hypothetical example, some of these members are read-only, being automatically populated when the resource is created, and some are supplied by the client when creating the resource which cannot be modified afterwards.

The following table shows which members can be set or modified by a POST or PUT and are returned by a GET:


For instance, the reference member can be set, modified and returned by all three methods, whereas order_date can be set on creation (POST), and returned by the GET, but not subsequently modified (PUT).

As a REST API, it is expected that the same resource would be produced and consumed by all methods acting on its URI. However, as there are subtle differences in which members can be written or read for each method, it might be tempting to define a different resource for each method so that only the significant members for the consumed or produced resource are shown in the documentation. Doing so would break this "identification of resources" principle, where the URI represents a single resource.

It is usually in the documentation of such APIs that complexity arises, not in the API specification itself.

DapperDox will automatically exclude read-only resource members from the documentation of an operation's request body (since they can only be sent to writable operations). It also gives you control over which members should be excluded from an operation's request body documentation, through the x-excludeFromOperations member, added to relevant resource properties.

x-excludeFromOperations takes an array of string, with each value being the operation name (which is either the HTTP method name get, post, put and so on, or the x-operationName, if defined. See controlling method names for further details).

The following specification segment illustrates the use of readOnly and x-excludeFromOperations to control the documentation of the resource when presented as a request body:

    "Orders": {
        "title" : "Orders",
        "type": "object",
        "properties": {
            "order_number": {
                "type": "string",
                "readOnly": true
            "order_date": {
                "type": "string",
                "format": "date-time",
                "x-excludeFromOperations": ["put"]
            "reference": {
                "type": "string"
            "order_status": {
                "type": "string",
                "x-excludeFromOperations": ["post"]